Area 1,664,900 km²
Population 21,813,334
Capital City Ürümqi


History has seen various administrations established in Xinjiang. The Xinjiang region was under the rule of Xiyuduhu in the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-220 A.D.), the rule of Beiting and Anxi in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), administered by Alimali and Bieshibali Provincial authorities of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). The Imperial Government of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), after suppressing the rebellion in the western frontier, named the region "Xinjiang" meaning the new frontier area where a rebellion has just been put down, and set up the administration of Jiangjunfu in Ili. Xinjiang, as a  province of China, was set up by the Qing Imperial Government in 1884. After Chinese Communist Party took over China (1949), Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region  was proclaimed in 1955.


Food :Baked Full Goat, Baked Baozi, Pellicle Baozi, Kebab, Braised Jemmy and Goat's Hoof, Youtazi (Oil Pagoda), etc. Culture:The Uygur dances, such as the "Bowls-on-Head Dance", "Drum Dance", "Iron Ring Dance", "Puta Dance" and "Sainaim Dance". Uygur musical instruments, such as the Dutar, strummed Rawap and Dap.


Heavenly Lake (Tianchi) , Xianjiang Provincial Museum , Bezeklik Thousand Cave Karez Irrigation, Jiaohe Rruins, Imen Minaret ,Flaming mountain, temin pass, Kizil Thousand budda caves , kucha grand mosque and local market , desert highway ,Tarim river jade river,loacl silk workshops, Hotan market , Abakh Khoja Tomb,Idkah Mosque,old town area of the city ,Sunday market, karakul lake, Uighur family dinner.


Xinjiang, situated in the hinterland of Asia, has a distinctive continental climate characterized by drastic change in temperature, abundance of sunshine and low precipitation. In January, the coldest month, the minimum temperature averages below -20ºC (-4 °F ), in Hunggar Basin, rises to -10ºC in Tarim Basin and drops sharply to as low as -52ºC (-61.6 °F ), in Fuyun and Qinhhe  area on the Junggar Basin fringes which are known as the coldest areas in China. In July, the hottest month, the mean temperature remain above 33ºC (91.4 °F ), in Turpan Basin, China's lowest area, and may reach as high as 48ºC (111.2 °F ),. Hence, Turpan is reputed as a "flaming place". However, the temperature is still below zero on the high mountains where permanent snow and active glacial activities are found.